Most houses angle toward the sun, south; with no windows on the north side, to keep heat in and protect against Atlantic or other winds. See http://www.abelard.org/france/pyrenees_atlantiques2_pays_basque.php/ The bottom level may still have cart-accommodating doors, as animals and farm equipment were housed there, as well as some of the bedrooms and the kitchen. Upper stories came later, and offer more bedrooms. Several generations traditionally lived together.
Basques enjoy a unique history, and language, and DNA --see site. They have little interest in being absorbed by the larger government around, like Spain or France. Their flag is red and white with green; this symbolizes their rejection of the French flag colors, red white and blue.
It was located on the sidewalk itself. The yellow on blue, modern shape scallop shell, represent the European Union. See http://www.caminoteca.com/index.php/symbols-of-the-camino.html/ The shell itself represents the scallops covering the body of St. James, after his beheading in 44AD in Jerusalem, and his disciples sending the body by ship to the Iberian peninsula, shipwreck, body recovered so covered, and other explanations, see site.