|Fleur de lis, Edwardian hatpin, Howard and Marjorie Scharfe Hatpin Collection|
The Fleur de Lis
Fleur de Lis. Some believe it looks more like a lotus.
1. An angel presented one to the medieval King Clovis, founder of the Merovingian dynasty, when he converted to Christianity, some say at his crowning as an annointing vial of oil. That led to the idea that French kings were annointed directly by God, no intermediary such as a pope required. See history and flag at ://www.anthemflag.com/itemdetail71.htm
2. King Louis VI adopted it for his shield (or Louis VII?)
3. English kings used it to demonstrate their claim to the French throne. George III finally removed it in 1801 when he gave up that claim. See ://www.anthemflag.com/itemdetail71.htm
4. Knights appropriated it without any bona fides, so heraldry controls were instituted.
5. We see it in Politics: Joan of Arc used it/ And in Religion: The Roman Catholic Church connects it to the Virgin Mary, that it was a gift blessing in an apparition, see://www.anthemflag.com/itemdetail71.htm; or to the Trinity (the three "arms"); and in War: Some US Army divisions incorporate it to show martial strength.
6. Coats of Arms - for Quebec since 1948, see http://www.anthemflag.com/itemdetail71.htm, many countries, noted families, the Boy Scouts, and a Navy Blue Angels flight pattern. Same site